The majority of households in Uganda and Africa secure their livelihoods through a diversified livelihood strategy involving a combination of f agriculture, inter-tidal gathering, fishing and small-scale trading.

Subsistence agriculture involves the felling, drying and burning of natural vegetation in the dry season with planting of annual and perennial crops such as maize, vegetables and cassava at the start of the rainy season. Individual gardens may continue to yield crops over several years until such time as the land reverts to natural vegetative cover.

Resettlement may impact households’ natural resource-based livelihoods in a variety of ways, including through the reduction and/or loss of household assets and changes in accessibility of household assets and natural resources. Accordingly, livelihood re-establishment and development programs that aim to improve, or at least restore, household livelihoods are essential components of the resettlement plan.